Why does everything in the universe, from galaxies down to atoms spin? What makes life ?
The answer to this question is the truth behind every force and truth behind life. If you are curious, then I suggest read them below published in this site .
------ One of the most basic law of nature that resulted in discovery/inventions on thousands of electrical/electronic appliances was due to interrelation between electric and magnetic field.
In nature, electric field and the magnetic field are interlinked.
Generation of electric current and working principles of many electrical/electronic appliance is due to same principle as mentioned above.
When concerned to spin we find in universe, atoms and electrons, I always believed that these rotations are caused by some electro-magnetic field.
Magnetism was my object of curiosity. From our school days we have experimented and have learnt that magnets attract specific metals, and they have north and south poles. Opposite poles attract each other while like poles repel.
We also have learnt that Magnetic and electrical fields are related and these basics have been used in variety of inventions.
Electro-magnetic forces form vital components in CRT televisions, speakers, microphones, generators, transformers, electric motors, computer hard disk, cassette tapes, compasses etc.
Let us go still deeper and investigate them.
When we see some electrical objects rotating, example electric fans, we know that they have an electric motor to carry out the task. Functioning of an electric motor helps us to understand all about magnets and the forces that cause rotation.
A motor uses magnets to create motion and using the fundamental law of all magnets (Opposites attract and likes repel), these attracting and repelling forces create rotational motion.
When we speak about electric motor, we move electrical charges to create magnetic field. This is also true in permanent magnets as well.
Electrons in atoms in an nucleus spin in the way planets spin around Sun. If one of the electrons in a pair spins upward, the other spins downward. It's impossible for both of the electrons in a pair to spin in the same direction. This is part of a quantum-mechanical principle known as the Pauli Exclusion Principle. Since paired electrons spin in opposite directions, their magnetic fields cancel one another out.
Atoms of ferromagnetic elements, on the other hand, have several unpaired electrons that have the same spin. Iron, for example, has four unpaired electrons with the same spin. Because they have no opposing fields to cancel their effects, these electrons have an orbital magnetic moment. A whole magnet's magnetic moments come from the moments of all of its atoms.
Till now we have investigated that atoms are composed of three particles with an electric charge: electrons, protons and uncharged neutrons. Electrons have a negative charge, and protons have a positive charge. The negative charge of the electron has the same magnitude, or amount of charge, as the positive charge of the proton.
Electrical charge is quantized, with the smallest unit of electrical charge found in a single electron or proton. If we double the number of electrons or protons, we double the amount of negative or positive electric charge. If we triple the electrons or protons, we triple the electric charge. By increasing the amount of single unit electric charges, we have a net charge. A net charge is the summed value of single electrical charges.
What happens when we keep removing Valence electrons from a group of neutral atoms? We end up with a group of positive ions and a group of free Valence electrons. Each group has a net positive or net negative electrical charge. We can call each charged group a body of charge.
In the 18th century, Charles Augustin de Coulomb set up an experiment using the early version of what we call a Torsion Balance to observe how charged pith balls reacted to each other. These pith balls represented point charges; point charges are charged bodies that are very small when compared to the distance between them. Coulomb observed two behaviors about electric force:
The magnitude of electric force between two point charges is directly proportional to the product of the charges.
There is a relationship between electric field, E , and the electric force, F , exerted on another electric charge in that field. The simplest mathematical description is the following expression:
F = q E
The symbol q represents the electric charge; q will be negative or positive depending on the electric charge. The vector E is positive or negative depending on the direction it is pointing-towards or away from the field generating electric charge.
Coulomb's law deals with only static charges. This got me thinking that there should be some minute objects surrounding the electrons to balance the charges that electrons( charged sphere) have and then exert a force outside. If electrons are net negatively charged, then there should be net positive charged bodies around them to balance the charges. Are these the objects that actually create magnetic field?
So Let's start. What exactly is magnetic field? What are the objects that create magnetic field?
Since electrons in atoms are negatively charged, using one of electrostatic principle, there should be opposite charges around them to balance the charges that electrons have.
Hence, I believe that there are minute charged body around the electrons again and these are the objects that actually cause the magnetic flux.
Consider if the electrons spin around the nucleus, then the minute charged body surrounding the electrons should spin again around the electrons.
Again, since we have learnt that electrical charge is quantized, number of these minute charged bodies should be proportional to amount electric charge in electrons.
I will name the minute charged bodies around electrons as mX-tron. Since the electrons are said to carry negative charges, then mx-tron should carry positive charges and if we consider single mx-tron, I guess the charges can be ignored, since they should be very minimal.
The positive charges of mX-tron actually helps the electrons spin around the nucleus. The negatively charged electrons actually tends to get an some attractive force from positively
charged protons in nucleus. But the minute positive charges around electrons actually repel with positive charges of protons in the nucleus and I believe this cause the spin movement of electrons around nucleus.
When the electrons or any charged body spin, we see that magnetic current is produced around them and the matter associated is from mX-Trons.
Atoms of ferromagnetic elements, which have several unpaired electrons that have the same spin have no opposing fields to cancel their effects, these electrons have an orbital magnetic moment. A current of mX-trons from several electrons add each other to produce what felt combined magnetic field.
How do we define Di-polar nature exhibited by magnets?
But if you use a force greater than the repulsive force, they actually they get attracted towards each other and act as a single bar magnet exhibiting combined Di-polar nature again.
This means, the mX-tron charges show a combined force. Which again as per law of nature exhibits force or flux moving from high polarity (North pole) to lower polarity (South pole).
magnetic flux moves from north pole to south pole and naturally there is a force for unlike poles to get attracted and once attracted they exhibit or work as a single magnet exhibiting combined Di-polar nature again. The working principle of mX-tron actually helps me to explain many theories in-depth and contradict some. We have seen and used several electronic appliances such as Radio, Television, Mobile phones etc. All these devices work using electro-magnetic waves to transmit and receive the signals. Radio and telephone are devices that convert sound energy into electrical and vice versa, the television wirelessly transmits electromagnetic waves and converts them into sound and light energy for viewing. For example in Television, a camera scans an image with an electron beam and converts it into electronic signals for transmission via antenna, antenna converts the electrical signals into electromagnetic waves. The information is then broadcasted and received by a device that run the process in reverse, using the cathode-ray tube by scanning the image for viewing. What is electro-magnetic wave? Electromagnetic radiation is a self-propagating wave in space or through matter. Electromagnetic radiation has an electric and magnetic field component which oscillate in phase perpendicular to each other and to the direction of energy propagation. So when I speak about electric and magnetic field component oscillate in phase perpendicular to each other, I speak electric waves from electron charge and charges of mX-tron perpendicular to each other. This is natural, since mx-trons spin around the electrons and when an electric signals is sent to antenna, naturally a wave is created with these oscillating perpendicular to each other. Electromagnetic radiation are classified into types according to the frequency of the wave.---radio waves, microwaves, terahertz radiation, infrared radiation, visible light, ultraviolet radiation, X-rays and gamma rays. Of these, radio waves have the longest wavelengths and Gamma rays have the shortest. A frequencies of wave, called visible spectrum or light, is sensed by the eye of various organisms, with variations of the limits of this narrow spectrum.
The energy level balance is the law of nature.At any case, a intermittent or external energy source is required to excite a particular boundary with energy.
When we speak about external energy, the first thing we remember is Sun's energy. Yes. To some extent it is true. All the energy in animals, plants, oil, gas, and coal originally came from the suns radiation, captured through photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the process by which plants, some bacteria use the energy from sunlight to produce sugar, which cellular respiration converts into ATP, the "fuel" used by all living things. The conversion of unusable sunlight energy into usable chemical energy, is associated with the actions of the green pigment chlorophyll. Most of the time, the photosynthetic process uses water and releases the oxygen that we absolutely must have to stay alive. The Glucose is used as food as well!
Living things are composed primarily of water and organic compounds, enzymes are protein catalysts that carry out the chemical reactions of metabolism. All chemical reactions require activation energy to break chemical bonds and begin the reaction.When we speak about animal or plant cells, all cells have nucleus and this is the 'control centre' of the cell. It primarily is composed of again carbon (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and sulfur (S) in some proteins (particularly enzymes). The nucleus contains nucleic acids, DNA, and RNA, which in turn contain C, H, O, N, and P.
So, we need to study what makes them to act or react. Definitely, it is sure that it should be these atoms that absorb or emit energy from external source or create or break chemical bonds which together makes the cells, organs or body to act.
What are components of Sun's energy and what happens to atoms when they are hit by Solar radiation?Solar radiation is radiant energy emitted by the sun from a nuclear fusion reaction that creates electromagnetic energy (Electromagnetic Wave).
If the magnetic force by the electro-magnetic radiation is too higher than that of force required for the electrons to spin around the nucleus, then the electrons are thrown out of axis as free electron.
The changes in electrons in atoms results chemical reactions to take place by creating/breaking bonds.
What normally happens to atoms when they are exited by external light radiation?
It is observed that Light from the sun hitting moon dust causes it to become charged through the photoelectric effect. The charged dust then repels itself and lifts off the surface of the Moon by electrostatic levitation.
So let us look this behavior by various elements present in earth.In general, atoms are most stable when all of their orbital are occupied by two electrons unless disturbed by external energy. Isolated atoms, such as hydrogen(H), carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and oxygen (O), have some orbitals that are not occupied by two electrons. For example, hydrogen is an atom that has a single proton (its nucleus) and a single electron. The electron of the hydrogen atom is in a 1s orbital. Different types of atoms (e.g., oxygen and hydrogen) have very different affinities for electrons. This differential affinity for electrons is demonstrated with different bonds or formation of Ions, covalent bond etc.
For instance: Sodium metal has tendency to lose electron for Sun's radiation and the ferric iron in the ocean is ultimate electron acceptor. I have taken Sodium, since we all know that sodium is present in great quantities in the earth's oceans as sodium chloride.
The most alkali metals have lowest electro negativities (they tend to lose electrons). Atoms of high electro negativity (upper right nonmetals) tend to gain electrons.
The alkali metals, found in group 1 of the periodic table, are highly reactive metals that do not occur freely in nature. These metals have only one electron in their outer shell. Therefore, they are ready to lose that one electron in ionic bonding with other elements. Metalloids have properties of both metals and non-metals. Some of the metalloids, such as silicon and germanium, are semi-conductors which again show there affinity to light radiation. This is proved in semi-conductor technology and when we speak about Noble gases, they have 8 electrons in their outer shell, making them stable. These elements have an oxidation number of 0. This prevents them from forming compounds readily.
NOTE : 99% of the mass of the human body is made up of the six main elements : oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium, and then other elements that are phosphorus and then Potassium, Sulfur, Chlorine, Sodium, Magnesium, Iron, Cobalt, Copper, Zinc, Iodine, Selenium, Fluorine.
Different types of atoms have very different affinities for electrons and Sun's radiation. If we take a look of elements in living organisms, we see it is these elements present in our body in which some are either electron donors and some are electron acceptors. Each time when the atoms are exited by external source results in partial charges created. Giving the electrons and accepting the electrons, we have partial positive and partial negative charges and these interact with other partial positive and partial negative charges associated with other molecules that result in creation of bonds. These Bonds lead formation of Organic molecules. And again, electrical asymmetries in these molecules would have resulted in further creation of complements or living cells and then again some of molecules in these living cells absorbs the external radiation and will try to stay stable state by transferring the energy to do something useful. Can we now call this balance of charges or electrical asymmetries as metabolism.
Even if we check out any living organism, we see that it is these electrochemical reactions happening for metabolism, transport of ions across membranes and growth.
But when did life first arise on Earth?
The Earth is thought to be approximately 4.6 billion years old, but life is believed to have occurred approximately 4 billion years ago. There is a idea that long ago complex collections of chemicals formed the first cells. Life began in the oceans from simple chemicals joining together in a primordial soup. Complex chemicals evolved into living cells.
The reason that water forms a liquid is that it is more electronegative than all of these elements (other than fluorine). Oxygen attracts electrons much more strongly than hydrogen, resulting in a net positive charge on the hydrogen atoms, and a net negative charge on the oxygen atom. The presence of a charge on each of these atoms gives each water molecule a net dipole moment. Electrical attraction between water molecules due to this dipole pulls individual molecules closer together, making it more difficult to separate the molecules and therefore raising the boiling point. This attraction is known as hydrogen-bonding.
And again, some elements show ionic bond when dissolved in water. For instance, when sodium and chlorine atoms are mixed together, the sodium atom gives its electron to the chlorine atom. The sodium and chlorine atoms become the sodium and chloride ions (Na and Cl, respectively). The sodium and chloride ions have opposite electrical charges and so the two ions are electro statically attracted to each other. The electrostatic attraction between two ions, each with a full (not partial) electric charge, is called an ionic-bond.
Even when we speak about DNA in animal or plant cells, Hydrogen bonding is the chemical mechanism that underlies the base-pairing rules.
Hydrogen bonds are weak electrostatic attractions between atoms displaying partial positive and partial negative charges. The partial positive charges are produced when hydrogen atoms are associated with another atom through a polar covalent bond. The partial negative charges are associated with an atom (e.g., oxygen) that has a higher affinity for electrons.The oxygen atom has two pairs of electrons in its outermost energy level that are not in bonding orbitals. These four electrons form a negatively charged "cloud" of electron density on the side of the water molecule opposite from the hydrogen atoms. The oxygen atom is much more electronegative than the hydrogen atom, so, when a bonding orbital forms between the oxygen and hydrogen atoms, the electrons in the bonding orbital are disproportionately distributed toward the oxygen side of the polar covalent bond. This results in a partial negative charge (-) associated with the oxygen atom. The full positive charge of the hydrogen nucleus is poorly covered by the thin electron density and "shows through", resulting in a partial positive charge (+).The weak electrostatic attraction between the partial negative and partial positive charges is a hydrogen bond.In molecular biology, two nucleotides on opposite complementary DNA or RNA strands that are connected via hydrogen bonds are called a base pair.
Hence coming back to electronics basics, it the external source that excite the atoms resulting in formation of bonds (creating partial positive and negative charges) and resulting in growth.
Appropriate geometrical correspondence of hydrogen bond donors and acceptors allows only the "right" pairs to form stably.Within cells, DNA is organized into structures called chromosomes. These chromosomes are duplicated before cells divide, in a process called DNA replication.
Eukaryotic organisms such as animals, plants, and fungi store their DNA inside the cell nucleus, while in prokaryotes such as bacteria it is found in the cell's cytoplasm. Within the chromosomes, chromatin proteins such as histones compact and organize DNA. These compact structures guide the interactions between DNA and other proteins, helping control which parts of the DNA are transcribed.
DNA contains the genetic information that allows all modern living things to function, grow and reproduce. If we go still deeper, we see that RNA or DNA replication are environmentally forced. In recent research it is seen that sun cycle (day and night) could have forced the replication process triggering in growth.RNA or DNA strands that we currently have in cells are due to a large number of variations that led into forming pair.4-billion-year of evolution has resulted forming from a basic pair to 3000000000 DNA nucleotide pairs that we currently have in human. We still see same less pairs in bacteria (about 400000 DNA nucleotide pairs).
*.Why do we take birth and why do we die?
*.Why do we struggle to be recognized or accepted as a valuable individual or member in a group?
*.Why do we feel pleasure and pain?
*.Why do we love and why do we hate? Who brings the desire or revulsion in us?
*.Why do we cry and why do we laugh? Also, why do we sleep, eat, respire, reproduce?
*.Why do we feel disturbed when someone dislikes us?
*.Why do we dream to achieve a goal?
*.What makes us to bring an unsecured and unsatisfied feeling even after achieving something that we wanted?
*.And someone might have questions like - what is life? Is there a creator? What is the meaning and purpose of life?
*.Is God really present, if God is really present, why sometimes bad happens to good ones?
*.What is good and what is bad?
And questions continues…………………………………
To answer the above or any questions that you may have, understanding and functioning of our own Mind is necessary and once we understand our own mind, self realization becomes easier and we understand the truth, we overcome the wrong belief that we have developed in our mind and later we can understand the GOD and the force of nature acting on us. Understanding God s very simple, since our mind is complex, we are not able to understand who is the GOD. Hence, I request the readers to read the article many times, think yourself closing your eyes ("Who are you"), Why have you taken birth in this world of dualities. What is the purpose of life. What is your goal. What is truth.
Every animal you can think of -- mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, amphibians -- all have brains. But the human brain is unique. It gives us the power to think, plan, speak, imagine.
When I speak about Mind, I wish to first say that Mind is different from Brain. Mind co-ordinates with the organ brain to perform various tasks.
Mind is the most powerful thing in the world. Almost all our agonies and pains are due to feelings (emotions) in our mind. An uncontrolled mind also gets constantly torn apart by various emotions, viz. likes, dislikes, love, hatred, jealousy, revenge, anger, grief, pride, fear etc. It is the mind which sees, hears, smells etc through respective sense organs and through the mechanism of the brain.
Note that nothing in this universe can affect or frighten you, unless your mind allows itself to be affected. Such is the power of mind.
But emotions disturb the balanced state of mind. In medical terminology, the same thing is explained in the form of balance between two components of autonomous nervous system, namely sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system.
As we have studied during our college days that Brain is an organ of human body which performs an incredible number of tasks:
*.It controls body temperature, blood pressure, heart rate and breathing.
*.It accepts a flood of information about the world around you from your various senses (eyes, ears, nose, etc.).
*.It handles physical motion when walking, talking, standing or sitting.
*.It lets you think, dream, reason and experience emotions.
Brain is designed in such a way that it always tries to maintain the balance between these two components of nervous system. It is this reactions between positive and negative emotions in brain that trigger pulses and secrete hormones accordingly which in turn helps for your body movements and functioning of body organs. In chemical term for example - reactions between positive and negative ions generate electricity used to run electric/electronic appliance.
Similarly potential difference between emotions generated in Brain helps to generate pulses in Brain and every organ in human body require pulses for its functioning. If there is no emotions, there is no pulses or power and your body is dead. It is the mind which feels the pleasure or pains of the body and not the body. If the mind is disconnected from the body, body will feel no pain.
It is by virtue of brain, which tries to maintain this balance automatically. You can experience this mechanism in brain in day today life at every moment. When there are negative emotions around you, brain automatically generates positive emotions, so that a balance is maintained.
Simple example: Consider if you are suffering from financial problems with lots financial issues concerning you, it is by virtue of your Mind (organ-brain) which automatically develops the positive emotions within and makes you feel happy by some sort of in-built mechanism. To generate the positive emotions, it may make you day dream - like wining a lottery, you establishing a big organization, you making lots of money, you buying a big house/car, you becoming a hero in a movie, a big business man and so on. But the positive emotions generated in your Brain is not the reality, this is generated to maintain the balance to the triggered negative emotions. The balance scientifically is necessary to run your body to generate the pulses required for various body functioning mentioned above under tasks performed by brain.
In whatever condition, you will not be able to escape from this automatic balance in your mind. Brain automatically maintains the balance to whatever triggered negative or positive emotions. You will feel pleasure or pain in this process due to the emotions generated and once the process of balancing is completed, you generate other emotions and the process continues till you die. On the whole process of balancing, the reactions between emotions, brain provides power to the body organs to act, utilizing the energy cells in your body.
Each person would try his best for seeing that they get their own needs met, not something that is fulfilled by another person. People who share the same needs will feel a connection or common bond. These needs develop action in you (Jiva) which has both negative and positive aspects.
Mind experts explain with examples on how these above needs manifests for different people:
*.Having a planned savings/retirement program - Security Need
*.Having a secure job- Security Need
*.Having a house, home and family - Security Need
*.Being the center of the office network - Community need
*.Participating in classes, groups, clubs - Community need
*.Creating art in all forms (painting, jewelry, crafts, interior design, graphic design, furniture design, architecture) - Expression need
*.Acting in movies, plays or local theaters - Expression need
*.Being accepted as a valuable member of a family group - Acceptance Need
*.Being accepted into a club or group - Acceptance Need
*.Building a company - Expansion need
*.Building a personal or political empire- Expansion need
*.Managing a company, a division or a department - Expansion need
*.Becoming a leader in a civic organization or professional group - Acceptance Need
Important : To understand the above spiritual science, you can try a simple experiment on Self realization: Just close your eyes for 60 secs and try your best to forget all the attachments and aversions (needs) that you have in your mind. During the process, you feel that you some how get attracted towards one or the other aversions and you will not be able to stabilize the mind at one location.
With your best effort in conscious mind, we feel so many forces acting on mind and just think under normal condition.
With this experiment, you can realize the presence of spirit (I) and i.e. you and the forces acting on them towards different directions (Maya). Due attachments and aversions from the sense objects, the spirit (Jiva) is associated with name, fame, body, power, designation and so on. This delusion is called as Maya DELUSIVE Power. The experience in Maya delusive world, develops needs or desires accordingly. This may be different to different individuals.
The forces of Nature do all works. But due to delusion of ignorance, it makes us to assume that we are the doer
The one who knows the truth about the role of the forces of Nature in getting work done does not become attached to the work. Such a person knows that it is the forces of Nature that get their work done by using our organs as their instruments.